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2012 Dunhuang Tourism Guide, Chinese cultural Mecca

2018-01-05 22:24:00

Dunhuang, the cultural mecca of China; Greek culture, Islamic culture, Indian culture and Chinese culture converge in this land. The long Mogao Grottoes, the wonderful Crescent Spring and the ringing sand Mountain, as well as the incomplete Yumen Pass, together tell the vicissitudes of Dunhuang's history and beautiful legend. Dunhuang's culture, history, legendary stories and unique natural scenery have made it a world-renowned tourist resort. Dunhuang is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of provinces and cities, and China's national historical and cultural city. Dunhuang, located on the ancient Silk Road, the main transportation route between China and the Western Regions, Central Asia and Europe, once had a thriving commercial activity. Famous for Dunhuang Grottoes and Dunhuang murals, it is home to the World Heritage Mogao Grottoes and Yumen Pass and Yangguan, the border of the Great Wall of Han Dynasty.

Dunhuang tourist attractions introduction:
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On the golden sand mountain of Crescent Spring, whenever the wind is everywhere, it will make a loud noise, and a bay of spring water in the desert is like a bright moon, ringing sand Mountain and Crescent Bay, is the miracle of the vast desert. Singing sand Mountain and Crescent Spring is a pair of twin sisters in the desert Gobi, "the mountain with spirit and therefore singing, water with God and benefit show". Visitors whether the bird's eye view from the top of the mountain, or the spring side swim, will be free of imagination. There is indeed a sense of "Mingshan Yi, Crescent Spring to wash the heart". So every mention of one must be accompanied by the other, so the two attractions form a unique landscape.

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Sand Mountain is located five kilometers south of the city, because the sand movement into the sound of the name. Mountains for quicksand accumulation, sand dividends, yellow, green, white, black five colors. Han Dynasty called Shajiao Mountain, also known as God sand mountain, Jin Dynasty began to call sand mountain. It stretches more than 40 kilometers to the west, about 20 kilometers wide to the north and south, the main peak is 1715 meters above sea level, and the sand ridge phase title, huan Huan ring. The sand falls with the foot, after the beginning of the year, this landscape is rare in the world. The crescent Spring is surrounded by the sand Mountain, and its shape resembles a crescent moon. Called manwell in ancient times, also known as medicine spring, once misinformation Wawa pool, Qing Dynasty name crescent spring. The area is 13.2 mu and the average water depth is 4.2 meters. The water is sweet and clear like a mirror. There are only tens of meters between the quicksand and the spring. However, although the spring is not covered by quicksand, it is located in the Gobi and the spring is not cloudy or dry. This unique landform of symbiosis of sand and spring and coexistence of sand and spring is indeed a "world wonder".

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Mogao Grottoes, the largest existing grottoes in China, known as the "pearl of art", can still give people a strong soul shock after experiencing the Han style and Tang rain. The Mogao Grottoes, commonly known as the Thousand Buddha Caves, are known as the most valuable cultural discovery of the 20th century and the "Louvre". They are located in Dunhuang at the west end of the Hexi Corridor and are famous for their exquisite murals and statues.

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Although the Mogao Grottoes have been attacked by nature and destroyed by man for a long time, they are still the greatest treasure house of Buddhist art in the world. The volume and content of Dunhuang murals are unmatched by any religious grottoes, temples or palaces in the world today. Looking around and on the roof of the cave, there are statues of Buddha, flying sky, Jiyue, fairies and so on painted everywhere. There are Buddhist sutra story painting, sutra change painting and Buddhist historical site painting, there are also gods and monsters painting and donor portraits, as well as a variety of exquisite decorative patterns. The Mogao Grottoes have long been famous for their sculptures. There are 33 meters high sitting statues, there are more than 10 centimeters of small bodhisattvas, most of the caves have preserved statues, a large number, can be called a large sculpture museum, its grottoes are mainly dug in the Tang Dynasty.

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Mingsha Mountain

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Mingsha Mountain is a national key scenic spot. Located in the outskirts of Dunhuang seven kilometers of the northern foot of the sand mountain, an area of about 200 square kilometers, the east from the Mogao Grottoes cliff top, the west of the Danghe reservoir, the whole mountain by the accumulation of fine rice granular yellow sand, the wind, the sand mountain will make a huge sound, when the wind blows, but also like string silk bamboo, so named the sand mountain. There are two strange things about the sand mountain: if you slide down from the top, the sand under your feet will whine; The footprints left by people climbing sand mountains during the day will be completely empty the next day. Echoing sand mountain, sand peak ups and downs, the mountain "such as dragon winding", golden, like a. The sand Mountain was once called "Sand Point Mountain". Located on the edge of Tengger Desert, with the county of Sha, Dalat Banner and Balikun Kazakh autonomous County in the territory of Balikun town is one of China's four major sand mountains.

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Ghost city

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"Yadan" is a Uyghur word, meaning a hill with steep walls. In geology, Yadan landform refers specifically to a series of parallel ridges and grooves formed by long-term wind erosion. The newly discovered Yadan landform covers an area of about 400 square kilometers. It takes about 70 to 30 years to form. When the wind blows past, it will emit a variety of strange noises, so it is also called "Dunhuang Yadan Devil City". No grass or trees can be seen here, and a black sand sea and yellow clay statues are everywhere, all kinds of models are realistic under the blue sky. In the past, due to the vast Gobi, the road is difficult, few people set foot here, Dunhuang people are also listening to many, few people see, with the Dunhuang Sun tourism will be Yumen Pass and Yadan Devil City road to build, creating conditions for the emergence of this geographical wonder.

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Yumen Pass, commonly known as the small square Pan City, is said to have received its name from the importation of Khotan jade. Dunhuang City, at the west end of Hexi Corridor, is one of the two passes of the western frontier in the Han Dynasty, and it is the only pass through which the ancient Silk Road from Dunhuang to the North and Middle Roads of the Western Regions, and the gateway to the Western Regions since ancient times. 15 kilometers away from Yumen Pass, there is a river warehouse, for the Han Dynasty Yumen Pass to guard the death of the granary, only the ruins of the walls, but can still see the momentum of the year. From Dunhuang to Yumenguan travel, only take the road on the Gobi desert rolled out by cars.

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At that time, Yumen Pass, camel bells leisurely, people Shouting horses, caravans in an endless stream, messengers to and from, a prosperous scene. Now the ruins of the Han Dynasty's Jade Gate Pass, is a small square castle, standing in the east and west Gobi desert in the narrow strip of sand hill, climb up the ancient pass, look far, surrounded by swamps, ravines and folds, the Great Wall winding, beacon towers, tall poplar, spring water green. Red willows, swaying reeds, and the ancient Guan heroic posture each other, so that your heart, mixed feelings, nostalgia, spontaneously arises.

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When Yang Guan mentions Yang Guan, people will immediately think of a poem: "Rain Plus light dust, guest houses green and willow new." Advise you to make a cup of wine, the west out of the Yang Pass people "Tang Dynasty great poet Wang Wei this masterpiece, can be described as through the ages, by the song singing, widely spread.

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Yangguan is located in the Hexi corridor of Dunhuang City 70 kilometers southwest of the township "antique beach", because it is located in the south of Yumen Pass and named Yangguan. Yangguan, founded in the Yuan Ding years of Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty, in Hexi, "four counties, according to the two passes", Yangguan is one of the two passes. Yangguan, as a gateway to the Western regions and an important pass on the Silk Road, was a strategic place that ancient soldiers would fight for. After the Song and Yuan Dynasties, with the decline of the Silk Road, Yangguan was gradually abandoned. The old Annals of Dunhuang County named Yumen Pass and Yangguan Pass as "relics of two Passes" and listed them as one of the eight sights of Dunhuang. Today, the former Yangguan city has long been gone, only a Han Dynasty beacon site known as Yangguan eyes and ears, standing on the Dun Dun mountain, let future generations to pay attention.

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West Thousand Buddha Cave

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Because it is located in the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes (commonly known as thousand Buddha Caves) west of the name, about 35 kilometers from Dunhuang city, dug in the Danghe river bank of the cliff, is an important part of Dunhuang art, according to the Dunhuang relics hidden in Paris, the excavation time of the West thousand Buddha Caves should be earlier than the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes, at the latest in the same period of Mogao Grottoes. It is separated from the Mogao Grottoes only by the sand Mountain. There are 16 existing caves, most of which were dug in the Northern Wei Dynasty, only 9 of which can be viewed, and the other caves can only be looked up under the cliff because they cannot be accessed. Under the east seat of the fifth cave column in the Northern Wei Grottoes, there is a votive text written by Buddhist disciple Tanzang for the statues of his deceased grandparents and parents. There are more than 70 words that can be recognized. This authentic manuscript of the Northern Wei Dynasty is extremely precious and has high historical value.

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Upon entering the Mogao Grottoes with nine floors, the first thing that catches the eye is the tallest building in the grottoes. It is also the 96th cave of the Mogao Grottoes, which is habitually called the "Big Buddha Hall". The nine-story building, 45 meters high, is built on a cliff and located in the middle of the Shangsi grottoes group of Mogao Grottoes. Inside, it is dedicated to the world's largest indoor clay statue of Maitreya Bodhisattva sitting cross-legged.

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The construction of this big Buddha was recorded in the Tang Dynasty, so the statue of Maitreya Bodhisattva is very rich and round, typical of the Tang Dynasty style. It is said that when Wu Zetian was in power, in order to consolidate her throne, she preached to the people that she was the incarnation of Maitreya Bodhisattva, so it seems that we can still find a lot of female characteristics at that time, which is the influence of the background of The Times. The nine floors have been rebuilt several times. From the initial only two floors, until the Republic of China period was rebuilt into nine floors. The majestic building with red eaves that we see now was re-reinforced and repaired by the Dunhuang Academy in 1986.

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The Sutra Cave is located in the ancient Silk Road Hexi corridor of Mogao Grottoes many caves, the most famous first to promote the Sutra cave - Cave 17. Mogao Grottoes' Tibetan sutra Cave 'was discovered on May 26, the 26th year of the Qing Dynasty Guangxu (June 22, 1900) by the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes presided over Wang Taoist (Wang Yuanlu) discovered, the cave contains from the 4th century AD to the 14th century AD a variety of historical texts, silk paintings, embroidery and other cultural relics more than 50,000 pieces. These precious documents are recorded in a variety of languages, including Chinese, Tibetan, Sanskrit, Qiuci, Sogdian, Turkic, Uighur, Kangju, etc., which is simply a rich ancient museum.

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By the time Stein first came to the Mogao Grottoes in 1907, Taoist monk Wang had spent another seven years with the cave. During these seven years, except for some scrolls taken away by the officials, Monk Wang kept a tight guard on the cave, and very few scrolls were lost. Stein thought of many ways to approach the monk in order to see the Buddhist cave that he had been looking forward to day and night, but the monk avoided and did not see, making Stein helpless. Later, he learned that Wang had a great admiration for Tang Xuanzang, so he dressed himself as a follower of Tang Xuanzang, and deceived Wang Yuan Lu, saying that he had followed Tang Xuanzang's path to the west to collect Scriptures. This move is very clever, and religious beliefs have communicated their ideas. The difference is that Taoist Wang was a sincere believer, while Stein obviously only intended to obtain the purpose of collecting scriptures by deception.

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White Mata White Mata is located in Dunhuang City, Danghe Township, Hongxing village, built in 386 AD, according to legend is to commemorate the northern Liang period of Buddhist monk Kumarashi east, through Dunhuang City, the dead white horse and built. The white Mata is 9 layers, 12 meters high and 7 meters in diameter. The building structure is adobe masonry, with columns in the middle and grass mud and lime coated outside. The bottom layer is octagonal, wrapped with bricks, each corner is 3 meters; The 2nd ~ 4th layer of fire Angle overlapping shape; There are protruding nipple studs under the fifth layer, all the way around. The upper petals of the lotus; The sixth layer is a bow-shaped tower body; The seventh layer is a phase wheel shape, and the top layer is an angular slope brake disc, with a wind hanging from each corner. On the second layer, there are two stones and one wood.

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Engraved on the stone: "Daoguang B has been Tongyue Bai Wen 8 mining and other restoration" words; Written on the wood: "August 23, Republic of China Bagong Zhu Wenzhen, Lv Zhong repair" words. This is enough to show that the tower has been repaired several times. The existing one has the style of the Ming lama pagoda. According to records, a 0.9 meter black stone statue tower was also unearthed in the white Mata in 1930, with diamond Sutra engraved on it, but it was soon lost. Today, the white Mata is surrounded by green trees, green tiles, quiet houses, the breeze blows, and the sound of the bell is actually another wonderful scene in Dunhuang.

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Wuwa Pool Wuwa Pool is the hometown of Tianma, located in Dunhuang City township 4 kilometers southeast of the yellow Dam reservoir area, by many springs confluent, ripples, unique good color. Also known as Shouchanghai, according to Dunhuang relics, when Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty had a prisoner named Baoli long camp in Dunhuang, the design captured a wild horse, dedicated to Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty, Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty saw its horse body big, extraordinary skeleton, thought it was his most revered God gave him the BMW, named Taiyi Tianma, and made the song of Taiyi. Since then, Wawa Pool with "Tianma" famous.

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Wuwa Pool is the hometown of Tianma, located 70 kilometers southwest of Dunhuang City, 4 kilometers southeast of the township, because of its proximity to the ancient Shouchang City, the main name "Shouchang Sea", commonly known as "Yellow dam". Composed of many springs, the green waves rippling, distinctive color. Also known as Shouchang Sea, according to Dunhuang relics, when Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty, Wuwa pond scenery has a prisoner named violent long camp Dunhuang, the design captured a wild horse, dedicated to Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty, Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty saw its horse with a big body, extraordinary skeleton, thought it was his most revered God gave him the BMW, named Taiyi Tianma, and made the song of Taiyi. Since then, Wawa Pool with "Tianma" famous.

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Best time to travel: from August to October each year, that is, autumn is the best time to travel to Dunhuang.

Accommodation transportation shopping
1

Local food introduction: Dunhuang locals like to eat sheep, chicken, beef, especially pay attention to the production of pasta. Dunhuang yellow face, as thin as dragon beard, long as gold thread, fragrance spillage; Dunhuang manual saozi noodles, pay attention to the cut, delicious soup, one hundred not tired of eating; But the most famous is also the Dunhuang winemaking leather, its spicy and cool taste, flexible and refreshing, is a delicious taste. Another characteristic of Dunhuang cuisine is the Sichuan flavor, especially at night, when the street is full of malatang stalls.

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Dunhuang minced noodles

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Dunhuang Saozi noodles is a traditional handmade wheat noodle products, the method is to add flour and water and even, roll the dough with a flour stick, cut long strips and cook, add soup to eat it. The noodles are slender and symmetrical, especially like leeks, and the taste of soup is delicious, eating a bowl, makes people feel hungry and tired.

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Dunhuang yellow noodles

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Yellow noodle is also a wheat flour product, it is as thin as dragon beard, long as gold thread, flexible and stretchy. After cooking, make soup or add vegetables to eat, fragrance overflow mouth, unique flavor.

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Wine accommodation recommendation: Dunhuang Rice and its vicinity is the most convenient place to stay, flying hotel, art troupe guest house and so on are also nearby. The green bus to the Mogao Grottoes and Dunhuang City railway station leaves at the Dunhuang Fan gate, and a road to the south is the No. 3 station sign to Mingsha Mountain. However, it is a little far from the Shazhou night market and other consumer places, it takes 10 minutes to walk in the past, and if you go by taxi, you can start at 5 yuan.

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Dunhuang Sun Wine Dunhuang Sun wine is located in the eastern suburbs of Dunhuang City, the important town of the Silk Road, close to the 313 National Highway, close to Dunhuang Railway station and airport, to the city and Mogao Grottoes scenic area is also very convenient, is the first garden wine, under the Dunhuang Sun Tourism. Sun Wine has a novel design, with a classical Chinese reception building and six luxury villa-style buildings of different architectural styles, 150 rooms of various types, the overall elegant environment of the wine, a rich pastoral scenery, green grass, flowers, and a large orchard and vineyard, fruit ripe season for guests to pick at will. The Sun restaurant in the wine provides authentic rural specialties, as well as a large banquet hall and a meeting room for 200 people; It has a large indoor swimming pool, sauna, tennis, basketball, table tennis and other recreational facilities. In addition, there is the first well in the northwest, geothermal - the sun, the well is 2006 meters deep, rich in minerals, and the outlet temperature is 46℃. Wine opened on August 8, 2001, partial decoration in December 2008, the main building is 3 floors high, 3 floors of the annex building, a total of 150 rooms (sets).

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Dunhuang Golden Leaf Hotel Dunhuang Golden Leaf hotel is located in Dunhuang City Mingshan Road, to the singing sand mountain, crescent Spring is very convenient. Hotel adopts microcomputer management, fire safety alarm system. There are 93 rooms with 216 beds, including Chinese suites, deluxe suites and standard rooms. Rooms are equipped with IC card master control door lock, split air conditioning, satellite closed circuit TV, IDD, minibar, refrigerator, VCD rental, and a full range of room service and laundry services. The hotel has 5 Chinese and western restaurants, which can accommodate 300 people at the same time, providing guests with all kinds of high-end banquets, festive wedding, birthday banquet, birthday banquet, buffet, team meal, Chinese a la carte; Mainly engaged in Guangdong, Sichuan, Beijing, Long cuisine and local cuisine. The "Golden Leaf Garden" with different styles, tree-lined, elegant environment, air, and has its own green planting, mainly provides authentic hot pot; Business provides fax, photocopying, typing, tabulation, Internet access services, motorcycle ticket agents, taxi services, etc., but also has medical care, beauty salon, karaoke, billiards, chess and card, fitness and other modern public entertainment facilities.

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Dunhuang Dajiu is located in the heart, adjacent to the city, 500 meters away from the rebound Pipa, convenient transportation, wine a total of standard rooms, triple rooms, suites and other types of room 82, to meet the needs of guests not grade, the restaurant is mainly Gan dishes, the wine has large and small conference rooms to meet different meeting needs, is a collective meeting, restaurant, accommodation in one of the three star standard wine. The ideal place to stay for your business trip.

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Transportation:

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Dunhuang Airport is located 13 kilometers east of Dunhuang City, now open Dunhuang to 、、、、 and other cities fixed air routes, 38 flights per week. From the airport to the city, you can take a taxi, the cost is between 30 and 40 yuan.

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Train Dunhuang Railway Station, 10 kilometers east of Dunhuang City, take bus bus No. 3 to the city. Dunhuang connects Dunhuang and Xianliugou Station, from Jiayuguan Pass to Dunhuang more than 400 kilometers, the running time is about 5 hours. There are three trains: K5914:56, 9:30 to Dunhuang; No. K9667 leaves at 3:33 and arrives at 8:19. 7527 departs at 7:22 and arrives at 12:49. In addition, there are two trains to Dunhuang, respectively K9667 and K591, which are evening trains. In addition, there are - Dunhuang (K591/K592), - Dunhuang (N857/N858) trains to Dunhuang station.

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Local shopping introduction: The famous shopping places in Dunhuang include flying Sky shopping mall, Tianma Shopping Mall, supply and marketing mall, Sandbank market, comprehensive market, Jifang Zhai, etc., most of which are concentrated around the pipa statue in the heart. In particular, the Shazhou Market, located on East Yangguan Road, is a department store during the day, and both sides of the road are full of stalls selling clothes, shoes and hats and daily necessities.

Matters needing attention
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1, August Dunhuang temperature is generally: 34 ° C ~ 14 ° C, the morning and evening temperature difference is large, the temperature is slightly lower than the mainland, and many areas are higher in altitude, UV exposure is strong.

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2. Dunhuang tourist attractions have a long journey, scattered attractions, monotonous, long ride time, long train time, please prepare food, poker and so on. In addition, a pair of comfortable, fit, easy to walk shoes are also particularly important.

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3, drug preparedness: the Silk Road trip is longer, the climate difference is too large, tourists are difficult to adapt to the soil and water symptoms may appear, tourists should carry the relevant drugs: create can, cold medicine, gastrointestinal medicine, etc., but Dunhuang local medicine is also very much, generally not easy to take more.

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4, pay attention to the protection of more important items, as far as possible to save in the reception, if there are outside immediately call 110, protect and stay at the scene.

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5, please remember the license plate number, as far as possible to rent regular vehicles.

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6, Dunhuang has a minority, by its Sha Chau market night market, there are a lot of minority snacks, Muslims do not eat pork, this is the biggest taboo in their lives, absolutely not offensive, so as not to cause unnecessary misunderstanding.

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7, safety awareness: when going out, safety first, please keep a normal attitude, follow the guide's arrangement, avoid emergencies, in order to enjoy a comfortable, comfortable and safe silk trip.

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